Eggan’s team worked on the patients skin cells. They put them under four genetic factors found in the developing embryo. This process made cells to look and behave like embryonic stem cells.
Such types of reprogramming techniques were also used earlier to create stem cells from skin cells. But in this new experiment the cells were generated from a patient body. These cells were given a name of IPS cells – Induced Pluripotent Stem cells.
This new ability means that scientists would now be able to create models for examining and doing research work on complex type of genetic diseases like Alzheimer’s. It is also feasible to use this reprogramming technique on the aged patients or patients having serious type of diseases.
These new findings will enable scientists to produce uncountable number of motor neurons same in nature to those provided by the cell donor. By this they will research on the causes and reasons which activate the disease in the cells.
Chris Henderson, who is the co-director of the Motor Neuron Center at Columbia University, in New York said that if these cells die or degenerate in the culture dish then they will came to know much about degeneration process through researching on them. One other useful thing about these cells is that scientists will use these cells to screen the new drugs to protect against neurodegeneration in ALS.